Almost all of you have heard of the word Maya. Generally it is used, though incorrectly, to denote illusion , or delusion, or some such thing. But the theory of Maya forms one of the pillars upon which the Vedanta rests; it is, therefore, necessary that it should be properly understood.
This Bh?gavatam is the essence of all Vedanta philosophy because its subject matter is the Absolute Truth , which, while nondifferent from the spirit soul , is the ultimate reality, one without a second. The goal of this literature is exclusive devotional service unto that Supreme Truth.(BP 12.13.12)
In the Sanatana Dharma (Eternal Truth), Samkhya provides the cosmological structure, Vedanta , the uncompromising and unalloyed Truth of indivisible Existence, Knowledge and Bliss, and Tantra and Yoga offer and define the method and the practice. All of the above, together, represent the consummate path and way.
Max Müller is a Vedantist of Vedantists. He has, indeed, caught the real soul of the melody of the Vedanta, in the midst of all its settings of harmonies and discords the one light that lightens the sects and creeds of the world, the Vedanta, the one principle of which all religions are only applications.max müller
If the Upanishads are the textbooks of philosophical principles discussing man, world and God, the Geeta is a handbook of instructions as to how every human being can come to live the subtle philosophical principles of Vedanta in the actual work-a-day world.
The word Maya in the Rigveda (RV) generally denotes “occult power” applicable in good sense to gods and in bad sense to demons , and may be be rendered by the English word “ craft ” having a similar double application. But is used in the sense of “ illusion ” or “show”, thus forestalling later Vedanta philosophy.
In other philosophical systems including Advaita Vedanta, maya is thought of as cosmic illusion or ignorance ( avidya ) that deludes the atman into forgetting its own divine nature. This forgetfulness of its true nature further causes the atman to mistakenly identify itself with the body and mind , assume individuality , and thus subject itself to the physical limitations in the phenomenal world ( samsara ).
The Srimad Bhagavatam is the very essence of all the Vedanta literature. One who has enjoyed the nectar of its rasa never has any desire for anything else.
The followers of Advaita Vedanta maintain that creation, preservation, and dissolution, the individual ego, the external world, all these are manifestations of the Eternal Energy (Shakti). They also say that when these are properly analyzed, they appear as dreams, that the Absolute Brahman alone is the Reality, and all else is unreal. Even Eternal Energy (Shakti) is like a dream, unreal, but you may analyze and discriminate thousands of times, you cannot transcend the realm of Divine Energy (Shakti) unless you have reached the highest state of Samadhi or Superconsciousness.ramakrishna
Yoga, Vedanta and Tantra owe much of their basis and growth to the Samkhya philosophy which enumerates the twenty-four cosmic principles as a basis for the universal manifestation. This steady foundation assisted in the presentation of the life-giving, life-saving, life-transforming declarations of the Vedas. Due to this structure, Tantra gave birth to the many wonderful methods through which to realize the Truth contained in the Vedas and over time graced the system with twelve more powerful principles (tattvas) of a higher and purer order.
Vedanta in its various forms has for centuries constituted the religious notions of India, and the Agamas...are its practical expression in worship in p.140
The essence of Vedanta is that there is but one Being and that every soul is that Being in full, not a part of that Being.
In the whole world there is no study so beneficial and so elevating as that of Vedanta '
Ramakrishna attained god consciousness through Vedanta, the philosophy that has evolved from the teachings of the Vedas, a collection of ancient Indian scriptures,that are the world’s oldest religious writings. According to Vedas, ultimate reality is all pervading, uncreated, self-luminous eternal spirit, the final cause of the universe, the power behind all tangible forces, and the consciousness that animates all conscious beings.
The prevalent sensation of oneself as a separate ego enclosed in a bag of skin is a hallucination which accords neither with Western science nor with the experimental philosophy - religions of the East in particular the central and germinal Vedanta philosophy of Hinduism . This hallucination underlies the misuse of technology for the violent subjugation of man's natural environment and, consequently, its eventual destruction. We are therefore in urgent need of a sense of our own existence which is in accord with the physical facts and which overcomes our feeling of alienation from the universe .
Vedanta teaches that consciousness is singular, all happenings are played out in one universal consciousness and there is no multiplicity of selves.
Vedanta had attracted Westerners to Indian philosophy and theology or religious study. ISKCON drew them to the path of personal devotion (bhakthi) to a Hindu deity, Krishna , and to a guru , Swami Prabhupada.