Kerala 's capital Tiruvanathapuram or Trivandrum which is infinitely easier to say and write was named after the Serpent God Anantha, on whom Lord Vishnu reclines.
Trivandrum was the capital of the Princely State of Travancore, which was ruled by Hindu Kings and Queens, and it continues to be the state capital of the present day Kerala
Trivandrum, has been in commercial contact with many countries from ancient times. The people were of the Dravidic origin.
The history of Trivandrum or rather Travancore comes with the Sangam age which comprised the first five centuries of the Christian era. There was no caste distinction in the earlier period. Hinduism was the religion and Sri Padmanabha Temple marked the religious symbol of the people.
Towards the end of 12th century, Kersal became a full fledged feudal society with its peculiar socio-religious institutions, customs and usages. The spread of Christianity and Islam added many divisions in the society, though Trivandrum as such has never been under a foreign ruler.
King Marthanda Varma founder of Travancore, made Trivandrum his capital and even after his rule ended the city continued to be the capital of the State of Travancore. When Kerala was formed as a state in 1956 the city was unanimously chosen to continue as the capital continuing two centuries of tradition.... It is a small city compared to the other state capitals and thus retains its charm.
Raja Ravi Varma, another member of the Travancore royal family and renowned painter , spent an important part of his lifetime in Trivandrum. While he painted many gods and even printed them as oleographs , he never painted Padmanabha or the temple.
The city’s former name, Trivandrum, was given by the British and is a contraction of Thiruvananthapuram, its ancient name that was adopted again in the early 21st century. It is the site of the University of Kerala (1937) and its affiliated colleges and technical schools. It also has a museum, zoological gardens, an observatory, and an art gallery.
Trivandrum is one of the nine Roman Catholic (Latin Catholic) dioceses of Kerala.
Rulers and landed aristocracy vied with each other in their patronage of composers and musicians and the cyclical patronage of royal Courts at Vijayanagar, Tanjore, Trivandrum , Pudukottai, Mysore , Ettayapuram, etc. In Preface