It was Rudolf Carnap’s dream for the last three decades of his life to show that science proceeds by a formal syntactic method; today no one to my knowledge holds out any hope for that project.
In today's computer science curricula ...almost all their time is devoted to formal classification of syntactic language types, defeatist unsolvability theories, folklore about systems programming, and generally trivial fragments of "optimization of logic design" — the latter often in situations where the art of heuristic programming has far outreached the special-case "theories" so grimly taught and tested — and invocations about programming style almost sure to be outmoded before the student graduates.marvin minsky
...the Carnatic music representation requires only a three (or at most four) levels of flat structuring (i.e. with no internal hierarchical structure), theorists of Western music have argued for the need for an enriched structure. Thus while Carnatic music seems to be satisfied with the limited structuring at the phonological /phonetic levels, Western Classical music seems to work from the syntactic end.