In Prakriti and Gunas , the concept of prakriti is used in Sankhya philosophy to explain the evolution of the universe . Prakriti is defined as the ultimate unconscious primal matter or the ultimate cosmic energy, the material cause of the universe.
Prakriti is the source of the five great elements earth , water , fire , air , and ether known as Panchamahabhutas . These five great elements comprise all material objects and the bodies of plants, trees, insects, animals, and human beings. All beings in the world are the products of the union of atman (or Purusha of Sankhya philosophy) and Prakriti.
The interest of Jainism to the students of religion consists in the fact that it goes back to a very early period and to Primitive currents of religious and metaphysical speculations , which gave rise to the oldest philosophies Sankhya , Yoga and to Buddhism .