Patna has been one of the oldest continuously inhabited riverine cities in the world situated at the southern bank of river Ganga.
The competitive advantage of Patna lies in its being the state capital and its central location. It is the centre for all higher order services in the state education , health and the political centre... Patna’s location on the banks of the River Ganga ensures that there is abundant water and fertile soil in the region.
Patna is ahead of Mumbai but second only to New Delhi in terms of ease of starting a business, according to a World Bank ranking.
After a temporary eclipse, in 16th century, Sher Shah Suri returned the city to its former glory and established the present Patna. After the decline of the Mughals , the British too found Patna a convenient regional capital and built a modern extension to this ancient city and called it Bankipore. It was in Gandhi Maidan in this area, that Mahatma Gandhi held his prayer meetings.
Patna became a centre of international trade in the seventeenth century. The European trading countries British , French , Danes , Dutch and Portuguese started to come to Patna for trading purposes.
Even in India there are but few places so rich in historical memories as Patna. Beneath the soil watered by the blood of Mir Kasim’s victims, lie the ruins of the ancient Buddhist capital, Pataliputra, the greatness of which had been foretold by Buddha a few months before his death .
As a busy capital, Patna serves as a major transportation hub for the region.
The per capita GDDP of Patna is over four times more than the per capita gross state domestic product (GSDP) of the state.
The Chinese Scholar Fa Hein who took Buddhism back to China in 400 BC described Patna in his dairy as the greatest city of earth . It was capital to the Mauryas and Gupta India empires.
Patna’s biggest break as entrepot came with the consolidation of Mughal control over Bengal – particularly with the final suppression of the Pathan chiefs of Eastern Bengal in 1612... the city also served as an outlet for several commodities produced in its hinterland...By 1620 Patna was being described as the “chefest mart towne of all Bengala".
Patna Museum, Rajput fashioned, was built by the [[British in 1917 and now houses a collection of poorly labeled Buddhist statues from the past 2000 years. The museum’s marvelous collection of stone and metal statues and painyings of the Buddha and the bodhistvas demonstrate how the Dhamma had inspired beauty and creativity throughout the centuries.In addition to the art work, the museums most prized possession is a relic casket containing what is believed to be the portion of the Buddha’s ashes obtained by Lichhavi rulers after the Buddh;as passing.
He hailed from the Asmaka country, which comprised the present South Gujarat and North Maharashtra , through which the rivers Godavari and Narmada ?owed. He ?ourished at Pataliputra (modern Patna ) in the ancient Magadha country (now Bihar ) where he composed his works, the 'Aryabha?ya and A?abhapasz'ddhdnta.
”Chennai” or variants also appear in descriptive essays and literary works as names for the city that the English know as Madras. The Vishvagunadrasa Campu (composed between 1650 and 1700) and Anandarangavijaya Campu , composed in 1752 refer to the settlement as Chenna Kesava Pura and to “Chenna Patna”, and the Sarva-deva-vilasa uses the term “Cennapuri” or “Cennapuram” as the place name
In Pataliputra, India , which is now the city of Patna, legend also says that the Emerald Buddha was created in Patna (then Pataliputra) by Agrasena in 43 BCE...in Northern Thailand, lightning struck a pagoda in a temple in Chiang Rai, after which something became visible under the stucco . The Emerald Buddha was dug out and the people thought the figurine was made from emerald , hence its current name...The Buddha 's clothing are changed by the King of Thailand, to celebrate the changing of seasons .
Agam Kuan (Unfathomable well) is one of the most important early historic archeological remains in Patna. It is situated just close to Gulzarbagh railway Station, which is proposed to be associated with the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka.
...since Patna college was founded, Patna has been the most important place of education in Bihar; and it is now a university town, the acknowledged headquarters of educational activity in the Province. Moreover, in 1912, with the inauguration of new Province of Bihar and Orissa, Patna was restored to its old station of a Provincial Capital.
Patna’s locational advantage, specifically its position on the great Gangetic artery connecting northern India to Bengal made it ideal as an entrepot city. Convenient land routes connected Patna both with the cities of the north and with important centers in Bengal . Jehangir had ordered the construction of a road that would link Patna to Agra .