Like Hinduism, Jain cosmology believes in a series of Kalpas or cycles of existence which are divided into twelve eras, a term similar to manvantaras of Hinduism. According to Jain tradition, Jainism is revealed anew in every kalpa through twenty-four Thirthankaras...
...the true nature of this great religion can be understood only if we emphasize not so much the broad divisions into Digambar and Shvetambar denominations but direct our probe into the importance and rationale of small sub-divisions. There are two major factors behind the unity of Jainism despite these divisions; one, attempts by all to unravel the original philosophy and practice of the devotees of Jin, and, two, the overarching philosophy credo of the many – pointed nature of truth (anekanta and syadavad) in Jainism.Kendal Folkert
The most satisfactory way [in Jainism], perhaps, at arriving any conclusion is to divide the subject of prayer into various elements, such as petition , intercession , adoration, thanksgiving and to note under each head the actual practice and the sometimes conflicting opinions of the Jains .
...the city’s character alternated with Buddhism , Jainism , Shaivism , and Vaishnavism – religions which found a home in Bhubaneswar at one time or another with the changing dynasties of Kalinga, the ancient name for Orissa . The presence of different religions gave Bhubaneswar its pluralistic character, but not without making the Oriya people suspicious of outsiders;m and it also gave Bhubaneshar its definite religious character, which has endured into the present.
The basic principle of Jainism is ahimsa (non-violence), which is also the principle of Vaishanavism that was followed by his [Gandhi] family.
Gandhi’s adherence to the philosophy of non-violence, non-possession, community welfare throughout his life can directly be attributed to the basic teachings of Jainism.
A rise of Jain fundamentalism would endanger no one. In fact, the uncontrollable spread of Jainism throughout the world would improve our situation immensely. We would loose more of our crops to pests, perhaps (observant Jains generally will not kill anything, including insects), but we would not find ourselves surrounded by suicidal terrorists or by a civilization that widely condones their actions.
The interest of Jainism to the students of religion consists in the fact that it goes back to a very early period and to Primitive currents of religious and metaphysical speculations , which gave rise to the oldest philosophies Sankhya , Yoga and to Buddhism .
The central tenet of Jainism is Ahimsa (non-violence) and Gandhi ’s philosophy rested on it.
Jainism is not an offshoot of Vedic Brahmanism. It belonged to the masses who were basically agriculturist and valued bulls and cows.
Jainism is basically a religious faith of the Thirthankaras. Jainism has come from the word Jin, which means the conquest of one’s own self in bondage,
Jainism has a distinct concept of underlying Thirthankara worship. The physical form is not worshipped, but their Gunas ; virtues , qualities are praised. Thirthankaras remain role-models, and sects such as the Sthanakavasi stringently reject statue worship.
Jainism: In happiness and suffering, in joy and grief, we should regard all creatures as we regard our own self.
Jainism is the religion of the Jains, those who rever the Jinas or realized souls.
Jainism was patronized by a number of kings and dynasties, which lead to its influence on common man.
Jain myths and legends incorporate the names of Hindu rishis and deities, and Jainism has its own version of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Tantrism does not seem to have been prominent in Jainism.
Mythical and real mountains are both considered sacred , particularly in Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and tribal religions.
The term moksha is also used in Buddhism and Jainism, and is similar in concept of nirvana in Buddhism. Ancient materialistic schools denied the concept of moksha, while the twentieth century philosopher Sri Aurobindo believed that the goal of life was not moksha, but evolution to a higher state.
"Over time, apparent misunderstandings have arisen over the origins of Jainism and relationship with its sister religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. There has been an ongoing debate between Jainism and Vedic Hinduism as to which revelation preceded the other. What is historically known is that there was a tradition along with Vedic Hinduism known as Sramana Dharma. Essentially, the sramana tradition included it its fold, the Jain and Buddhist traditions, which disagreed with the eternality of the Vedas, the needs for ritual sacrifices and the supremacy of the Brahmins."
" As to Jains being Hindu dissenters, and, therefore governable by Hindu law, we are not told this date of secession [...] Jainism certainly has a longer history than is consistent with its being a creed of dissenters from Hinduism."
Jainism has a complex classification of Jnana or knowledge, and the means of understanding reality.