To a degree which is difficult to determine, the esoteric impulse in twentieth-century music, literature and the arts reflects **calculation**. It looks to the flattery of academic and hermeneutic notice. Reciprocally, the academy turns towards that which appears to require its exegetic, cryptographic skills.

—

When Pearse summoned Cuchulain to his side, What stalked through the Post Office? What intellect, What **calculation**, number, measurement, replied? We Irish, born into that ancient sect But thrown upon this filthy modern tide And by its formless spawning fury wrecked, Climb to our proper dark, that we may trace The lineaments of a plummet-measured face.

— "The Statues", stanza 4 (1938). Collected in

With affection beaming in one eye and **calculation** shining out of the other.

— Charles Dickens,

The easiest and most popular way of practically refuting... any Fallacy is, by bringing forward a parallel case, where it leads to a manifest absurdity. A metaphysical objection may still be urged against many cases in which we thus reason from **calculation** of chances; an objection not likely indeed practically to influence any one, but which may afford the Sophist a triumph over those who are unable to find a solution.

— Richard Whately (1828)

It seems probable that the early Greeks were largely indebted to the Phoenicians for their knowledge of practical arithmetic or the art of **calculation**, and perhaps also learnt from them a few properties of numbers. It may be worthy of note that Pythagoras was a Phoenician; and according to Herodotus , but this is more doubtful, Thales was also of that race.

— W. W. Rouse Ball,

The abundance of our definitive words about God shows that we don't view him as a great mystery anymore, but as a sterile **calculation** without ambiguity or obscurity.

— Skye Jethani, in

It is wonderful, when a **calculation** is made, how little the mind is actually employed in the discharge of any profession.

— 1775 Remark, 6 Apr. Collected in James Boswell The Life of Samuel Johnson (1791), vol.2.

Sometimes one can improve the theories in the sense of discovering a quicker, more efficient way of doing a given **calculation**.

— describing his discoveries in Density functional theory, December 29, 1995, in an interview with István Hargittai, Magdolna Hargittai (2000).

" the freaks of chance are not determinable by **calculation**."

— Book I, 1.84-[3]

As soon as an Analytical Engine exists, it will necessarily guide the future course of the science. Whenever any result is sought by its aid, the question will then arise by what course of **calculation** can these results be arrived at by the machine in the shortest time?

—

Intrinsic value can be defined simply: It is the discounted value of the cash that can be taken out of a business during its remaining life. The **calculation** of intrinsic value, though, is not so simple. As our definition suggests, intrinsic value is an estimate rather than a precise figure, and it is additionally an estimate that must be changed if interest rates move or forecasts of future cash flows are revised.

— Berkshire Hathaway Inc.: An Owner's Manual (1999)

That mysterious independent variable of political **calculation**, Public Opinion.

— "Universities, Actual and Ideal" (1874).

If only there were a lexicographer of Liang Shih-ch'iu's ability who also had the perspicuity to arrange his dictionary by sound rather than radical! ... No wonder most of us are so sour and gray by the time we reach fifty! The amount of time consumed and the spirit expended in this sort of meaningless, not to mention destructive, type of activity is beyond **calculation**.

—

In [Aristotle’s] formal logic, thought is organized in a manner very different from that of the Platonic dialogue. In this formal logic, thought is indifferent toward its objects. Whether they are mental or physical, whether they pertain to society or to nature, they become subject to the same general laws of organization, **calculation**, and conclusion but they do so as fungible signs or symbols, in abstraction from their particular “substance.” This general quality (quantitative quality) is the precondition of law and order in logic as well as in society the price of universal control.

— p. 136 (One-Dimensional Man (1964))

In England women are still occasionally used instead of horses for hauling canal boats, because the labour required to produce horses and machines is an accurately known quantity, while that required to maintain the women of the surplus population is below all **calculation**.

— Vol. I, Ch. 15, Section 2, pg.430

I would confront the thieves, I thought, and the self-evident justice of my case would cause them to crumble before me. I don't know why I expected such extravagant results from the application of mere justice. That kind of **calculation** is seldom borne out by worldly events.

— p. 217 (Julian Comstock: A Story of 22nd-Century America (2009))

Sweet and gentle and sensitive man With an obsessive nature and deep fascination For numbers And a complete infatuation with the **calculation** Of ?.

— Kate Bush, in

I hope I may claim in the present work to have made it probable that the laws of arithmetic are analytic judgments and consequently a priori. Arithmetic thus becomes simply a development of logic, and every proposition of arithmetic a law of logic, albeit a derivative one. To apply arithmetic in the physical sciences is to bring logic to bear on observed facts; **calculation** becomes deduction.

— Gottlob Frege (1884)

Sweet and gentle and sensitive man With an obsessive nature and deep fascination For numbers And a complete infatuation with the **calculation** Of ?.

— Kate Bush, in

I may here refer to a curious mathematical **calculation** by Dr. Thomas Young, to the effect, that if three words coincide in two different languages, it is ten to one they must be derived in both cases from some parent language, or introduced in some other manner.

— p.293 (Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844))

Now as there are, according to Humboldt , one hundred and seventy words in common between the languages of the new and old continents, and many of these are expressive of the most primitive ideas, there is, by Dr Young's **calculation**, overpowering proof of the original connection of the American and other human families.

— p.294 (Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844))

The bourgeoisie, wherever it has got the upper hand, has put an end to all feudal, patriarchal, idyllic relations. It has pitilessly torn asunder the motley of ties that bound man to his “natural superiors,” and left remaining no other nexus between man and man than naked self-interest, than callous “cash payment.” It has drowned the most heavenly ecstasies of religious fervor, of chivalrous enthusiasm, of philistine sentimentalism, in the icy water of egotistical **calculation**. It has resolved personal worth into exchange value.

— Karl Marx (1848),

It seems probable that the early Greeks were largely indebted to the Phoenicians for their knowledge of practical arithmetic or the art of **calculation**, and perhaps also learnt from them a few properties of numbers. It may be worthy of note that Pythagoras was a Phoenician; and according to Herodotus , but this is more doubtful, Thales was also of that race.

— W. W. Rouse Ball,

What is the use of aesthetics if they can neither teach how to produce beauty nor how to appreciate it in good taste? It exists because it behooves rational human beings to provide reasons for their actions and assessments. Even if aesthetics are not the mathematics of beauty , they are the proof of the **calculation**.

— Franz Grillparzer , in A Primer on Environmental Decision-Making: An Integrative Quantitative Approach, p. 184

That mysterious independent variable of political **calculation**, Public Opinion.

— In "Universities, Actual & Ideal".