There are two possible outcomes: if the result confirms the hypothesis, then you've made a measurement. If the result is contrary to the hypothesis, then you've made a discovery.
As quoted in Nuclear Principles in Engineering (2005) by Tatjana Jevremovic, p. 397
Although the problem of transmuting chemical elements into each other is much older than a satisfactory definition of the very concept of chemical element, it is well known that the first and most important step towards its solution was made only nineteen years ago by the late Lord Rutherford, who started the method of the nuclear bombardments.Enrico Fermi
I cannot think of a single one, not even intelligence.Enrico Fermi
I hope it won't take long.Enrico Fermi
If I could remember the names of all these particles, I'd be a botanist.Enrico Fermi
Whatever Nature has instore for mankind, unpleasant as it may be, men must accept, for ignoranceisnever better than knowledge.Enrico Fermi