I’m a pessimist because of intelligence, but an optimist because of will.
Letter from Prison (19 December 1929); also attributed to Romain Rolland.
All men are intellectuals: but not all men have in society the function of intellectuals.Antonio Gramsci
The crisis consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying and the new cannot be born; in this interregnum a great variety of morbid symptoms appear.Antonio Gramsci
Economy and ideology. The claim (presented as an essential postulate of historical materialism) that every fluctuation of politics and ideology can be presented and expounded as an immediate expression of the structure, must be contested in theory as primitive infantilism, and combated in practice with the authentic testimony of Marx, the author of concrete political and historical works.Antonio Gramsci
History is at once freedom and necessity.Antonio Gramsci
Revolutionaries see history as a creation of their own spirit, as being made up of a continuous series of violent tugs at the other forces of society - both active and passive, and they prepare the maximum of favourable conditions for the definitive tug (revolution).Antonio Gramsci
My practicality consists in this: in the knowledge that if you beat your head against the wall it is your head which breaks and not the wall ... that is my strength, my only strength.Antonio Gramsci
To tell the truth is revolutionary.Antonio Gramsci
We must prevent this brain from functioning for twenty years.Antonio Gramsci