The ultimate goal of human life is to attain spiritual perfection (moksha), or freedom from transmigration of the atman . The social existence of an individual is means for attaining this supreme goal. Since an individual cannot attain moksha without fulfilling his (her) individual and social duties, responsibilities and obligations, Hindu social philosophy...includes the essential social principles and practices, goals of human life: dharma (moral law), artha (wealth), kama (pleasure), and moksha (spiritual perfection, the ultimate goal).
The mystic and the physicist arrive at the same conclusion; one starting from the inner realm, the other from the outer world. The harmony between their views confirms the ancient Indian wisdom that Brahman , the ultimate reality without, is identical to Atman , the reality within.fritjof capra
But foreign should not be defined in geographical terms. Then it would have no meaning except territorial or tribal patriotism. To me that alone is foreign which is foreign to truth, foreign to Atman.ram swarup
There is, so I believe, in the essence of everything, something that we cannot call learning. There is, my friend, only a knowledge that is everywhere, that is Atman, that is in me and you and in every creature, and I am beginning to believe that this knowledge has no worse enemy than the man of knowledge, than learning.hermann hesse
He who renouncing all activities, who is free of all the limitations of time , space and direction, worships his own Atman which is present everywhere, which is the destroyer of heat and cold, which is Bliss-Eternal and stainless, becomes All-knowing and All-pervading and attains thereafter Immortality.
One should understand that the Atman is always like the King, distinct from the body, senses, mind and intellect, all of which constitute the matter (Prakriti); and is the witness of their functions.
Just as luminosity is the nature of the Sun, coolness of water and heat of fire, so too the nature of the Atman is Eternity, Purity, Reality, Consciousness and Bliss.
Atman never does anything and the intellect of its own accord has no capacity to experience ‘I know’. But the individuality in us delusorily thinks he is himself the seer and the knower.
Sitting in a solitary place, freeing the mind from desires and controlling the senses, meditate with unswerving attention on the Atman which is One without-a-second.
Nothing whatever exists other than the Atman: the tangible universe is verily Atman . As pots and jars are verily made of clay and cannot be said to be anything but clay, so too, to the enlightened soul and that is perceived is the Self.
Though Atman is Pure Consciousness and ever present everywhere, yet It is perceived by the eye-of-wisdom alone: but one whose vision is obscured by ignorance he does not see It; as the blind do not see the resplendent Sun.
The Atman , the Sun of Knowledge that rises in the sky of the heart, destroys the darkness of the ignorance, pervades and sustains all and shines and makes everything to shine.
Pure Vedantic Hinduism as described in particular in the Upanishads is monist and either pandeist or panendeist - Brahman is the Universe, we (as Atman or "God-souls") are a part of Brahman and Brahman itself, parts separated from the whole to be able to appreciate the whole and ever seeking to rejoin the whole and its perfect state of being as all things. Brahman in the Upanishads is not a being that is worshipped - they make it absolutely clear that Brahman is indifferent to worship and is not the object of worship.
He who renouncing all activities, who is free of all the limitations of time , space and direction, worships his own Atman which is present everywhere, which is the destroyer of heat and cold, which is Bliss-Eternal and stainless, becomes All - knowing and All-pervading and attains thereafter Immortality .
He who renouncing all activities, who is free of all the limitations of time, space and direction, worships his own Atman which is present everywhere, which is the destroyer of heat and cold, which is Bliss - Eternal and stainless, becomes All-knowing and All-pervading and attains thereafter Immortality .
In other philosophical systems including Advaita Vedanta, maya is thought of as cosmic illusion or ignorance ( avidya ) that deludes the Atman into forgetting its own divine nature. This forgetfulness of its true nature further causes the Atman to mistakenly identify itself with the body and mind , assume individuality , and thus subject itself to the physical limitations in the phenomenal world ( samsara ).
The Hindu theory of reincarnation is based upon four basic principles: permanence of the Atman , existence of maya (the original ignorance ), liberation ( moksha ) of the Atman from samsara and the law of Karma .
According to the most Hindu representative view, the Atman , when associated with a physical body, identifies itself with the body under the influence of maya. Maya is the cosmic illusion or the original ignorance.
Prakriti is the source of the five great elements earth , water , fire , air , and ether known as Panchamahabhutas . These five great elements comprise all material objects and the bodies of plants, trees, insects, animals, and human beings. All beings in the world are the products of the union of Atman (or Purusha of Sankhya philosophy) and Prakriti.
In Samkhya , since Atman (Purusa) is pure consciousness , which cannot be defined further, and Prakrti is responsible for the creation of the empirical world , Purusa is regarded as essentially inactive. But, while in Advaita , the multitude of souls (of course, the karmic chain of transmigration might hold together one and the same soul but they are supposed to be innumerable chains representing different souls) is only valid on the empirical, lower stage of reality.
Knowledge appears as the grace of God. In the higher knowledge, since the Atman is in reality not an object, the cause of its knowledge is not further explicable. In spite of this, religious practice recognizes certain means by which knowledge of the Atman may be promoted.
Pray all the time, read all the scriptures in the world, and worship all the gods there are …[but] unless you realize the Self (Atman), there is no freedom.
This is the great lesson that we are here to learn through myriads of births and heavens and hells that there is nothing to be asked for, desired for, beyond one’s spiritual Self (Atman).swami vivekananda
In the context of Sikhism it [Metaphysical monism] considers Atman (spiritual element) and body (material element) as inseparable aspects of a single spiritual cosmic spiritual continuum.