Guwahati is considered the site of Pragjyotishpura, a semi- mythical town founded by Asura King Naraka who was later killed by Lord Krishna for a pair of magical earrings . The city was a vibrant cultural centre well before the Ahoms arrived, and later the theatre of intense Ahom- Mughal fighting, changing hands eight times in the 50 years before 1681. Most of the old city was wiped out by a huge 1897 earthquake followed by a series of devastating floods .
Guwahati - which received this name sometime after the Ahom conquest – served for a time as the seat of a provincial governor, and 1786 it became the dynastic capital...It was an important city to the Ahoms as indicated by the construction of the Kamakhya temple.
Guwahati came under Mughal control in the 1630s and would change hands frequently thereafter. Gadadhar Singh not only drove out the invaders but resolve internal disputes among Ahom nobles.