In Nietzsche’s view nihilism is not a Weltanschauung that occurs at some time and place or another; it is rather the basic character of what happens in Occidental history.
For all the participants in this fascinating debate, "Central Europe" was defined, not by geography, but by values. "Central Europe" was, in György Konrád's words, a Weltanschauung , not a Staatsangehörigkeit (i.e., a way of looking at the world rather than a question of citizenship); for Leszek Ko?akowski it was a "culturally connected area"; for Stefan Kaszy?ski a "state of mind"; for Czes?aw Mi?osz "a way of thinking".
Whereas the particular conception of ideology designates only a part of the opponent's assertions as ideologies and this only with reference to their content, the total conception calls into question the opponent's total Weltanschauung (including his conceptual apparatus), and attempts to understand these concepts as an outgrowth of the collective life of which he partakes.
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