One of the most emphatic dance forms that the City of Nawabs has given - the Lucknow Gharana of Kathak, which came into existence mainly in the court of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, the ruler of Avadh in 19th Century. Kathak, its exponents say, was so powerful that no other dance form posed a challenge to it for a long period.
A lifestyle typical of many rulers of that era who squandered away their empires to the British -- in the manner of the famous scene from Ray 's film that depicts Wajid Ali Shah leisurely playing chess as the British soldiers marched in. But yet these much-maligned Nawabs were responsible for nurturing Lucknow's culture of poetry , dance , music and art and inventing the famous Lucknowi traditions.
Lucknow was a bystander of those last proud days of Muslim rule in India, before it and the rest of Oudh , was summarily annexed by the British . The fall of Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Oudh and the siege of Lucknow during the 1857 Mutiny have given Lucknow special mention in all history books . The Nawabs of Lucknow are a footnote in Indian history for their degenerate, idle and lavish lifestyle .