Against the many Russian thinkers influenced by Hegel who believed that history was governed by universal laws to which one could only submit, Turgenev upheld the freedom of different societies to pursue different paths of development and of individuals to pursue, even in opposition to powerful historical forces, their own goals and values. Here Turgenev endorsed the celebrated dictum of Alexander Herzen, with whom he disagreed on other matters: that history has no libretto. Human history is a realm of contingency and unpredictability, in which each generation faces conflicts that have no ideal solution.
3 ~ UDScott 23:09, 28 November 2005 (UTC) 3 InvisibleSun 07:32, 13 December 2006 (UTC) 1 Zarbon 16:25, 26 April 2008 (UTC) 3 Kalki 22:37, 10 December 2008 (UTC) with a strong lean toward 4. We stand, in a manner of speaking, midway between the unpredictability of atoms and the unpredictability of God. ~ Freeman Dyson (date of birth)
I discovered that the horse is life itself, a metaphor but also an example of life's mystery and unpredictability, of life's generosity and beauty, a worthy object of repeated and ever changing contemplation.Jane Smiley
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