Although the Macedonians, whose territory occupied the area around present-day Thessaloniki in northern Greece, considered themselves part of the Greek cultural sphere, many Greeks regarded them with contempt. In the eyes of the Greeks, the Macedonians were a mere offshoot of the original stock. They spoke a Greek dialect, to be sure, but they were led by a backward monarchy and their nobles.
Thessaloniki (Salonika) Greece's second city is named after a daughter of Philip of Macedon, Thessaloniki, who was married to Kassandros. This shortlived monarch was without descendants, so he gave Thessaloniki 's name to the capital (founded 315 B.C.) to remind posterity of his family's royal descent.