In 1840s, an organization titled Chennapattnam Hindu Vidya Pareyalochana Sabha (Hindu Council of Education) established Tamil and Telugu schools in various parts of the city.
By the first decade of the twentieth century, 125 newspapers and periodicals existed in the Presidency , of the total, 65 were under vernacular (Tamil, Telugu or Hindi) or bilingual publications. The city itself had 5 daily newspapers at that point, all English language; 3 (The Hindu, The Madras Standard, and The Indian Patriot) were published and edited by Indians .
Several Telugu composers settled in Tamilnadu for generations produced padams.
Maharaja Swati Tirunal of Travancore (1813-1847) wrote 67 padams in Sanskrit, Telugu , Kannada and |Malayalam and he introduced them in Bharata Natyam performance by artists patronized by him in his own state. His padams have a rare literary flavour and the padams of this composer are becoming increasingly popular in the Bharat Natyam field…
Many royal personages adorn the pages of India’s musical history and amongst them the position of Swati Tirunal, a versatile genius, a linguist, a gifted musician and composer in as many as six languages Sanskrit, Telugu, Malayalam , Marathi , Hindi and Urdu , it was during his time that Travancore became an important centre for music.