The civil station of Shillong was established in 1864 as the administrative centre for a Khasi and Jaintia Hills district. At that time most of its present area was covered with deep forests with Laban a small village under the United Khasi State of Shillong – nestling on hill slopes.
Shillong is widely known as Scotland of the East. It is a beautiful town.
In Shillong and this small but beautiful hill State of Meghalaya, the people are simple, straightforward and willing to listen. But they also believe in dialogue and discussion for all issues. They do not like to take orders, unless they feel that they are also taken into confidence .
The name Shillong is derived from a peak of the same name. According to one legend the name came from a young handsome boy called ‘Shyllong’ who was born under mysterious conditions to a virgin mother .
Shillong established in mid 1800s by Colonel Henry Hopkinson as a refuge for officers and staff of East India Company during summers, was made into a new civil station by British in 1864 and was also designated as the summer capital of Eastern Bengal and Assam for many years.
Shillong the capital city of Meghalaya has been a capital city since its inception . In the course of its over-a-century old history it has attained the status of a cosmopolitan city with its own culture .
The city of Shillong is exposed to the outer world . This gives opportunities to the educated elite to derive major benefits of socio-economic change. English education , Christianity , spread of communication and connectivity of the region contributed to the changing process of the Khasi life in Shillong.
Finally on 21 January 1972, Meghalaya was declared a new state with Shillong as its capital.
The Khasis of Shillong city have retained even today many important element of their tradition .
Within the city are a number of places to visit, which include Wards Lake, Lady Hydari Park, Sweet Falls, and the Shillong 18 Hole Golf Course, which is one of the oldest in the country. Other Tourist sites around the city are the Crinoline Swimming Pool, Mattilang Park, Air Force Museum, Upper Shillong, Don Bosco Centre of Indigenous Cultures, the Butterfly Museum and Jaya Kalra's Art Gallery.
Rain drenched streets, dreamy youth smoking joints, their enigmatic fascination with rock music, literature , the authoritative Khasis and their antagonism against Dkhars (non-Khasis), snacking on peppered boiled potatoes soaked in tamarind water , and the wanting to break-free attitude , all of it and more is part of a picturesque narration that makes the reader fall in love with Shillong.
They've [Shillong Chamber Choir] made us all very proud.
The city ... situated on the Shillong Plateau at an altitude of 1520 m (4987 ft); destroyed by earthquake in 1897 and rebuilt.
Shillong the capital set amidst a picturesque landscape of pine covered hills, rapid streams and captivating water falls provides a perfect getaway from the heat.
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