One of the most frequently mentioned equations was Euler 's equation, **Respondents** called it "the most profound mathematical statement ever written"; "uncanny and sublime"; "filled with cosmic beauty "; and " mind -blowing". Another asked: "What could be more mystical than an imaginary number interacting with real numbers to produce nothing ?" The equation contains nine basic concepts of mathematics once and only once in a single expression. These are: e (the base of natural logarithms); the exponent operation; ?; plus (or minus, depending on how you write it); multiplication; imaginary numbers; equals; one; and zero.

— Robert P. Crease, in "The greatest equations ever" at PhysicsWeb (October 2004)

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