Minimal art, also called ABC art, is the culmination of reductionist tendencies in Modern art that first surfaced in the 1913 composition by the Russian painter Kasimir Malevich of a black square on a white ground.
The progress of science requires the growth of understanding in both directions, downward from the whole to the parts and upward from the parts to the whole. A reductionist philosophy, arbitrarily proclaiming that the growth of understanding must go only in one direction, makes no scientific sense. Indeed, dogmatic philosophical beliefs of any kind have no place in science.freeman dyson
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