Feste: What is the opinion of Pythagoras concerning wildfowl? Malvolio: That the soul of our grandam might haply inhabit a bird. Act V

It seems probable that the early Greeks were largely indebted to the Phoenicians for their knowledge of practical arithmetic or the art of calculation, and perhaps also learnt from them a few properties of numbers. It may be worthy of note that Pythagoras was a Phoenician; and according to Herodotus , but this is more doubtful, Thales was also of that race.
Geometry has two great treasures; one is the Theorem of Pythagoras; the other, the division of a line into extreme and mean ratio. The first we may compare to a measure of gold; the second we may name a precious jewel.
johannes keplerI am convinced that everything has come down to us from the banks of the Ganga – astronomy , astrology , spiritualism , etc. It is very important to note that some 2500 years ago at the least Pythagoras went from Samos to the Ganga to learn geometry .
As soon as we venture on the paths of the physicist, we learn to weigh and measure , to deal with time and space and mass and their related concepts, and to find more and more our knowledge expressed and our needs satisfied through the concept of number , as in the dreams of Plato and Pythagoras .
As great Pythagoras of yore, Standing beside the blacksmith's door, And hearing the hammers, as they smote The anvils with a different note, Stole from the varying tones, that hung Vibrant on every iron tongue, The secret of the sounding wire, And formed the sevenchorded lyre.
Henry Wadsworth LongfellowIt was Pythagoras who first called heaven kosmos , because it is perfect , and "adorned" with infinite beauty and living beings.
It seems probable that the early Greeks were largely indebted to the Phoenicians for their knowledge of practical arithmetic or the art of calculation, and perhaps also learnt from them a few properties of numbers. It may be worthy of note that Pythagoras was a Phoenician; and according to Herodotus , but this is more doubtful, Thales was also of that race.
There remains no firm basis for the belief that Pythagoras was a geometer and in any case no attestation of his having written anything.
The apparently ancient reports of the importance of Pythagoras and his pupils in laying the foundations of mathematics crumble on touch, and what we can get hold of is not authentic testimony by the efforts latecomers to paper over a crack, which they obviously found surprising, by the use of various kinds of reconstruction and reinterpretation. On the other hand, there are ancient and unassailable indications of a Greek mathematics antedating Pythagoras and quite outside his sphere of influence.
Pythagoras is the founder of European culture in the Western Mediterranean sphere.
Let us suppose that we have set the problem of finding a solution to the equation This is a problem for which the Babylonians around 1700 BC found the excellent approximation ...This is the identical problem which Pythagoras asserted had no fractional solution and in whose honor he was supposed to have sacrificed a hecatomb of oxen the problem which caused the existentialist crisis in ancient Greek mathematics. The exists (as the diagonal of the unit square); yet it does not exist (as a fraction)!
Personal religion is derived from ecstasy, theology from mathematics, and both are to be found in Pythagoras.
What seems certain is that Pythagoras developed the idea of mathematical logic... He realized that numbers exist independently of the tangible world and therefore their study was untainted by inaccuracies of perception. This meant he could discover truths which were independent of opinion of prejudice and which were more absolute then any previous knowledge.
simon singhPythagoras was a teacher of the purest system of morals ever propounded to man.
It was Pythagoras who first called heaven kosmos , because it is perfect, and "adorned" with infinite beauty and living beings.
It was a maxim of Pythagoras that the two most excellent things for man were to speak the truth, and to render benefits to each other.
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