The Purusha dwelling in this body is para , that is “beyond” Prakriti, but He witnesses and gives consent. He sustains everything, and is also the Enjoyer. He is moreover, the God of gods and is described as Paramatman.
Prakriti is the source of the five great elements earth , water , fire , air , and ether known as Panchamahabhutas . These five great elements comprise all material objects and the bodies of plants, trees, insects, animals, and human beings. All beings in the world are the products of the union of atman (or Purusha of Sankhya philosophy) and Prakriti.
The Split In the beginning was the self , the Purusha, Alone, afraid wondering what made him lonely and fearful If there was loneliness and fear There should also be company and pleasure Restless, he split himself.
...the north, the right side and all things masculine came to represent Purusha while the south, the left side and all things feminine came to represent Prakriti. Left was chosen for Prakriti because it was associated with the beating heart while the silent right was reserved for Purusha.
...Purusha was personified as Brahma , Vishnu and Shiva while Prakriti was personified as Saraswati , Lakshmi and Shakti .
The period before the split between Purusha and Prakriti is Pralaya .
The word chitta is used for the moulding consciousness ; it connects the mind to the soul , manas to atma, Prakriti to Purusha.
It is desire that links Purusha with Prakriti.