Guwahati is considered the site of Pragjyotishpura, a semi- mythical town founded by Asura King Naraka who was later killed by Lord Krishna for a pair of magical earrings . The city was a vibrant cultural centre well before the Ahoms arrived, and later the theatre of intense Ahom- Mughal fighting, changing hands eight times in the 50 years before 1681. Most of the old city was wiped out by a huge 1897 earthquake followed by a series of devastating floods .
The connotation of the Sanskrit word for a hell, Naraka, is a joyless.
Those who are guilty of them [fearful crime ] expiate them after death , by one or more transmigrations of the soul into some vile animal, or by the torments of Naraka, i.e., hell.
Those that do not worship the Devi , go to Naraka or hell:;; moreover they suffer much from various diseases in this world . Those that do not worship the Devi are always defeated by their enemies , are void of wife and sons, become stupid and suffer pains from their unsatisfied desires .
Treating of a future state, [he says], that such as during their abode on earth have persevered in the practice of piety , and virtue , have worshiped God purely from gratitude , love , and admiration , and have done good, without being induced either by the fear of punishment , or the hope of reward , will not stand in need of being purified in Naraka, or of coming into this world to occupy other forms, but will be immediately admitted to celestial happiness .
In the early Vedic tradition , the death god Yama kept two dogs, Syama the Black and Sabala the Spotted, to bring and hold souls in the Purgatory-like afterlife called Naraka. Even the Norse god Odin kept a pair of wolves, Geri and Freki.
The subastral plane is Naraka consisting of seven hellish realms corresponding to the seven chakras belwo the base of the spine. In the astral plane, the Soul is enshrouded in the astral body, called Sukshma sharira.
Heaven (or Swarga ) is that which delights the mind ; hell (or Naraka) is that which gives it pain : hence vice is called hell ; virtue is called heaven .
That sinner goes to Naraka who neglects the due expiation of his guilt .
The man who thinks of Vish?u, day and night, goes not go to Naraka after death , for all his sins are atoned for.
It is said that killing even a foetus is as criminal as killing a Brahman ; and that for killing a female or woman , the punishment is to suffer in the Naraka, or Hell called Kata Shutala, for as many years as there are hairs on the female’s body , and that afterwards such person shall be born again and successively become a leper .
Enjoyment in Swarga , like punishment in Naraka, is only for a certain period, according to the merit , or demerit, of the individual. When the account is balanced, the man is born is born again amongst mankind.
The virtuous are then conveyed to Swarga or Elysium , whilst the wicked are driven to the different regions of Naraka or Tartarus .
In Hinduism there are different opinions from various schools of thought on Hell which is called Naraka. For some it is metaphysical , or a lower spiritual plane (called Naraka Loka) where the spirit is judged, or partial fruits of Karma affected in a next life .
Create and save customized flash cards. Sign up today and start improving your vocabulary!