The ancient Hindu philosophers stated as a fundamental truth that the world of our sense - experience is all illusion (maya), that change, plurality, and causation are not real, but there is one reality, God . This is metaphysical Monism of the idelalistic-spiritual type, tending towards mysticism .
One of the biggest roles of science fiction is to prepare people to accept the future without pain and to encourage a flexibility of mind . Politicians should read science fiction, not westerns and detective stories. Two-thirds of 2001 is realistic hardware and technology to establish background for the Metaphysical , philosophical , and religious meanings later.arthur c. clarke
The easiest and most popular way of practically refuting... any Fallacy is, by bringing forward a parallel case, where it leads to a manifest absurdity. A Metaphysical objection may still be urged against many cases in which we thus reason from calculation of chances; an objection not likely indeed practically to influence any one, but which may afford the Sophist a triumph over those who are unable to find a solution.
Based on the Metaphysical implications of the Dadaist dogma, [Hans Arp|Arp]’s reliefs between 1916 and 1922 are among the most convincing illustrations of that anti- rationalistic era.. ..Arp showed the importance of a smile to combat the sophistic theories of the moment. His poems of the same period stripped the word of its rational connotation to attain the most unexpected meaning through alliteration or plain nonsense.
In contrast to Breton we believe that behind the false ethical and aesthetic, indeed Metaphysical understandings which are out of contact with the vital interest of "man" we find the real, the materialistic ethics and aesthetics. One includes our needs, the other is an expression of our sensual desires. It is exactly in order to liberate the true ethics and the true aesthetics that we make use of "automatism."
Metaphysical problems about "mind" versus "matter" arise only from epistemological confusions.raymond smullyan
Three principles — the conformability of nature to herself, the applicability of the criterion of simplicity, and the "unreasonable effectiveness" of certain parts of mathematics in describing physical reality — are thus consequences of the underlying law of the elementary particles and their interactions. Those three principles need not be assumed as separate Metaphysical postulates. Instead, they are emergent properties of the fundamental laws of physics.murray gell-mann
They have lost the Metaphysical senseOf the future, they feel themselvesThe end of a chainOf lives, single livesAnd we know that livesAre singleAnd cannot defendThe metaphysicOn which restThe boundariesOf our distances.george oppen
And we saw the seed,The minuscule Sequoia seedIn the museum by the tremendous slabOf the tree. And imagined the seedIn soil and the growth quickenedSo that we saw the seed reach out, forcingEarth thru itself into bark, wood, the greenNeedles of a redwood until the treeStood in the room without soil—How much of the earth'sCrust has livedThe seed’s violence!The shock is Metaphysical.george oppen
I have now so many fundamental thoughts, so many really Metaphysical things to say, that I suddenly get tired and decide not to write more, not to think more, but allow the fever of saying to make me sleepy, and fondle, with closed eyes, as if to a cat, all that I could have said.fernando pessoa
The mathematical framework of quantum theory has passed countless successful tests and is now universally accepted as a consistent and accurate description of all atomic phenomena. The verbal interpretation, on the other hand – i.e., the metaphysics of quantum theory – is on far less solid ground. In fact, in more than forty years physicists have not been able to provide a clear Metaphysical model.fritjof capra
The most perfect philosophy of the natural kind only staves off our ignorance a little longer: as perhaps the most perfect philosophy of the moral or Metaphysical kind serves only to discover larger portions of it. Thus the observation of human blindness and weakness is the result of all philosophy, and meets us at every turn, in spite of our endeavours to elude or avoid it.David Hume
Our psychology is ... a science of mere phenomena without any Metaphysical implications. [It] Treats all Metaphysical claims and assertions as mental phenomena, and regards them as statements about the mind and its structure.carl jung
In the Metaphysical elements of aesthetics the various nonmoral feelings are to be made use of; in the elements of moral metaphysics the various moral feelings of men, according to the differences in sex, age, education, and government, of races and climates, are to be employed.Immanuel Kant
The soul contains few secrets and longings which cannot be sensibly discussed, analyzed, and polled. Solitude, the very condition which sustained the individual against and beyond his society, has become technically impossible. Logical and linguistic analysis demonstrate that the old Metaphysical problems are illusory problems; the quest for the “meaning” of things can be reformulated as the quest for the meaning of words, and the established universe of discourse and behavior can provide perfectly adequate criteria for the answer.herbert marcuse
I have not been able to discover the cause of those properties of gravity from phenomena, and I frame no hypotheses; for whatever is not deduced from the phenomena is to be called a hypothesis, and hypotheses, whether Metaphysical or physical, whether of occult qualities or mechanical, have no place in experimental philosophy.isaac newton
Darwinism is not a testable scientific theory, but a Metaphysical research program.karl popper
Maya, one of the key terms in Hindu religious tradition, is used in various connotations, implying a principle, power or process. Since in Hindu view non-existence can never be the source of creation (just as a plant can never sprout without a seed), maya is the Metaphysical principle that is used in Hindu religion to explain the projection of the phenomenal world by Brahman .
In Hindu view, the cause of human birth is not Original Sin (from Christian doctrine), but the original ignorance called maya. The difference between these two concepts is that the Original Sin is a moral error whereas the original ignorance (maya) is the lack of the right knowledge of the Ultimate Reality, a Metaphysical error.
In Hinduism there are different opinions from various schools of thought on Hell which is called Naraka. For some it is Metaphysical , or a lower spiritual plane (called Naraka Loka) where the spirit is judged, or partial fruits of Karma affected in a next life .
General systems theory is the scientific exploration of "wholes" and "wholeness" which, not so long ago, were considered Metaphysical notions transcending the boundaries of science. Hierarchic structure, stability, teleology, differentiation, approach to and maintenance of steady states, goal-directedness these are a few of such general system properties.
The spontaneous tendency to invoke a Final Cause in explanation of every difficulty is characteristic of Metaphysical philosophy. It arises from a general tendency towards the impersonation of abstractions which is visible throughout History.george henry lewes
The theory of a soul of the world (anima mundi) is almost as ancient as the European Philosophy itelf.... Plato conceived of it first. The doctrine of the world soul – not endorsed by Aristotle , except perhaps indirectly by implication of his theory of the active intellect – then received great philosophical emphasis in the Stoic and neo-Platonic schools, which essentially transformed it according to their respective Metaphysical intuitions .
I have now so many fundamental thoughts, so many really Metaphysical things to say, that I suddenly get tired and decide not to write more, not to think more, but allow the fever of saying to make me sleepy, and fondle, with closed eyes, as if to a cat, all that I could have said.
The phenomena of Mesmerism could be salvaged by physicians adopting a more rational and scientific approach, while avoiding the worst excesses of its Metaphysical speculations. Moreover, in a discussion of similar ideas propounded by the philosopher Francis Bacon, he specifically recommends that physicians, like Braid, should develop a ‘doctrine of the bond between mind and body’ (i.e., Braid’s “psycho-physiology”). Moreover, Stewart urges enquiry into ‘the effect of fixing and concentrating the attention, in giving to ideal [i.e., imaginary] objects the power of realities over the belief.
The chief obstacle... to our improvement in the moral and Metaphysical sciences is the obscurity of the ideas, and ambiguity of the terms.
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