Medicinal discovery, It moves in mighty leaps, It leapt straight past the common cold And gave it us for keeps.1976 Some of Me Poetry,'Oh no, I got a cold'.
"Commons" is an Old English word. … People called commons those parts of the environment for which customary law exacted specific forms of community respect. People called commons that part of the environment which lay beyond their own thresholds and outside of their own possessions, to which, however, they had recognized claims of usage, not to produce commodities but to provide for the subsistence of their households. The customary law which humanized the environment by establishing the commons was usually unwritten. It was unwritten law not only because people did not care to write it down, but because what it protected was a reality much too complex to fit into paragraphs. The law of the commons regulates the right of way, the right to fish and to hunt, to graze, and to collect wood or medicinal plants in the forest … The enclosure of the commons inaugurates a new ecological order : Enclosure did not just physically transfer the control over grasslands from the peasants to the lord. Enclosure marked a radical change in the attitudes of society towards the environment. Before, in any juridical system, most of the environment had been considered as commons from which most people could draw most of their sustenance without needing to take recourse to the market. After enclosure, the environment became primarily a resource at the service of "enterprises" which, by organizing wage-labor, transformed nature into the goods and services on which the satisfaction of basic needs by consumers depends. This transformation is in the blind spot of political economy.Ivan Illich, in Silence is a Commons (1982)
Beer is amazing. Nutritional. Medicinal. A beverage, but also a meal.j. r. moehringer: The Tender Bar, p. 108, ppb edition.
...the various substance offered in yagna... are principally wood in small pieces called samidhas , like Sandalwood , Agar and Tagar wood ( Aquilana Malacensis and Valeriana wallichii ), Deodar ( Cedrus libani ), Mango ( Mangifera Indica ), Dhak or Palash ( Butea monosperma ), Bilva (Aegle Marmelos), Pipal ( Ficus religiosa ), Bargad( Ficus bengalensis ), Shami ( Prosopis cineraria ) and Gular ( Ficus religiosa }; and various Havishya or Havan samagri such as odorifeous substances, substances with healthy constituents, sweet substances and medicinal herbs.In P 6-7
The greatest American industry why has no one ever said so? is the industry of using words. We pay tens of millions of people to spend their lives lying to us, or telling us the truth, or supplying us with a nourishing medicinal compound of the two. All of us are living in the middle of a dark wood a bright Technicolored forest of words, words, words. It is a forest in which the wind is never still: there isn’t a tree in the forest that is not, for every moment of its life and our lives, persuading or ordering or seducing or overawing us into buying this, believing that, voting for the other.Randall Jarrell: “The Taste of the Age”, pp. 27–28
Our crude civilization engenders a multitude of wants, and lawgivers are ever at their wits' end devising. The hall and the theater and the church have been invented, and compulsory education. Why not add compulsory recreation? Our forefathers forged chains of duty and habit, which bind us notwithstanding our boasted freedom, and we ourselves in desperation add link to link, groaning and making medicinal laws for relief. Yet few think of pure rest or of the healing power of Nature.john muir: 12 November 1875, page 234
Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate Nor set down aught in malice: then must you speak Of one that loved not wisely, but too well; Of one not easily jealous, but, being wrought, Perplexed in the extreme: of one, whose hand Like the base Indian, threw a pearl away, Richer than all his tribe: of one, whose subdued eyes, Albeit unused to the melting mood, Drop tears as fast as the Arabian trees Their medicinal gum.Act V, scene 2, line 383. ("Base Indian" is "base Judean" in first folio).
It seems almost incredible, whatever their origin, that remedies of so offensive a character as many of those above given can still retain a place even in the rudest tradi- tional pharmacopoeia, but there seems to be in the uneducated human mind a sort of reverence for or faith in that which is in itself disagreeable or repulsive. This idea apparently rules in- stead of rational judgment in the selection of many popular household remedies in the shape of oils of most loathsome deriva- tion, such as " skunk-oil," " angle-worm oil " (made by slowly ren- dering earth-worms in the sun), " snake-oil " of various kinds, etc. George Borrow, in that rare idyl of vagabondage, " Lavengro," tells of various encounters with an old herbalist who always car- ried on his back a stout leathern bag, into which he gathered not simples but vipers, whose oil he extracted for medicinal purposes. The faith of this wandering English mediciner and his numerous customers of half a century ago in the viper-oil is quite equaled to-day by that of American frontiersmen in the peculiar virtues of rattlesnake-oil. It is just possible that subtle remedial powers do exist in some of these oils, but it is not easy to ascertain why lard or olive-oil might not take the place of these disgusting un-guents.Fanny D. Bergen (1888). "Animal and Plant Lore II". Popular Science Monthly.
One, whose subdu'd eyes, Albeit unused to the melting mood, Drop tears as fast as the Arabian trees Their medicinal gum.William Shakespeare, Othello (c. 1603), Act V, scene 2, line 348.