General Systems Theory is a name which has come into use to describe a level of theoretical model-building which lies somewhere between the highly generalized constructions of pure **Mathematics** and the specific theories of the specialized disciplines. **Mathematics** attempts to organize highly general relationships into a coherent system, a system however which does not have any necessary connections with the "real" world around us. It studies all thinkable relationships abstracted from any concrete situation or body of empirical knowledge.

**Mathematics** as an expression of the human mind reflects the active will, the contemplative reason, and the desire for aesthetic perfection. Its basic elements are logic and intuition, analysis and construction, generality and individuality. Though different traditions may emphasize different aspects, it is only the interplay of these antithetic forces and the struggle for their synthesis that constitute the life, usefulness, and supreme value of mathematical science.

At present, when the prevailing forms of society have become hindrances to the free expression of human powers, it is precisely the abstract branches of science, **Mathematics** and theoretical physics, which ... offer a less distorted form of knowledge than other branches of science which are interwoven with the pattern of daily life, and the practicality of which seemingly testifies to their realistic character.

The land of easy **Mathematics** where he who works adds up and he who retires subtracts.

The subject of management science has evolved for more than 60 years and is now a mature field within the broad category of applied **Mathematics**. This book will emphasize both the applied and mathematical aspects of management science.

It is noteworthy that modern Platonists , almost without exception, are ignorant of **Mathematics**, in spite of the immense importance that Plato attached to arithmetic and geometry, and the immense influence that they [these studies] had on his philosophy. This is an example of the evils of specialization: a man must not write on Plato unless he has spent so much of his youth on Greek as to have no time for the things that Plato thought important.

General Systems Theory is a name which has come into use to describe a level of theoretical model-building which lies somewhere between the highly generalized constructions of pure **Mathematics** and the specific theories of the specialized disciplines. **Mathematics** attempts to organize highly general relationships into a coherent system, a system however which does not have any necessary connections with the "real" world around us. It studies all thinkable relationships abstracted from any concrete situation or body of empirical knowledge.

**Mathematics** is the queen of the sciences and number theory is the queen of **Mathematics**. She often condescends to render service to astronomy and other natural sciences, but in all relations she is entitled to the first rank.

The principles of logic and **Mathematics** are true simply because we never allow them to be anything else. And the reason for this is that we cannot abandon them without contradicting ourselves, without sinning against the rules which govern the use of language, and so making our utterances self-stultifying. In other words, the truths of logic and **Mathematics** are analytic propositions or tautologies.

We had principles in **Mathematics** that were granted to be absolute in **Mathematics** for over 800 years, but new science has gotten rid of those absolutism, gotten forward other different logics of looking at **Mathematics**, and sort of turned the way we look at it as a science altogether after 800 years.

As soon as a thought or word becomes a tool, one can dispense with actually ‘thinking’ it, that is, with going through the logical acts involved in verbal formulation of it. As has been pointed out, often and correctly, the advantage of **Mathematics** the model of all neo-positivistic thinking lies in just this ‘intellectual economy.’ Complicated logical operations are carried out without actual performance of the intellectual acts upon which the mathematical and logical symbols are based. … Reason … becomes a fetish, a magic entity that is accepted rather than intellectually experienced.

It was, however, from Spain, and not from Arabia, that a knowledge of eastern **Mathematics** first came into western Europe. The Moors had established their rules in Spain in 747, and by the tenth or eleven century had attained a high degree of civilisation.

In **Mathematics** the art of asking questions is more valuable than solving problems.

Questions that pertain to the foundations of **Mathematics**, although treated by many in recent times, still lack a satisfactory solution. Ambiguity of language is philosophy's main source of problems. That is why it is of the utmost importance to examine attentively the very words we use.

Tantra is a very very poetic approach, not arithmetical. And tantra believes in love, not in **Mathematics**. It believes in sudden enlightenment.

The land of easy **Mathematics** where he who works adds up and he who retires subtracts.

... one of the basic principles of higher **Mathematics** is the contradiction that in certain circumstances straight lines and curves may be the same.... But even lower **Mathematics** teems with contradictions.

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