Aristotle found support for his thesis in facts drawn from geopolitics or ‘natural law’. Greek superiority had to be proved demonstrably innate, a gift of nature. In one celebrated fragment he counsels Alexander to be ‘a hegemon [leader] of Greeks and a despot to the barbarians, to look after the former as after friends and relatives, and to deal with the latter as with beasts or plants’.
The historical record suggests that the transition to to a new hegemon has always been attended by what I have elsewhere called hegemonic war.robert gilpin
A potential hegemon, as emphasized throughout this book, must be wealthier than any of its regional rivals and must possess the most powerful army in the area.john j. mearsheimer
The historical record suggests that the transition to to a new hegemon has always been attended by what I have elsewhere called hegemonic war.
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