Archaeological records indicate that Gossypium fibre has been used since 6000 BC. A Gossypium thread, used to string copper beads, from w:MehrgarhMehrgarh in Pakistan has been dated at 6th millennium BC.
Gossypium hirsutum L . was named due to its hairiness ( hirsute ), although it has also been referred to as Gossypium hirsutum ssp. latifolium, Gossypium hirsutum var. punctatum , Gossypium jamaicense, Gossypium mexicanum, Gossypium morrillii , Gossypium punctatum , Gossypium purpurascens , Gossypium religiosum , Gossypium schottii , Gossypium taitense and Gossypium tridens. It is commonly known as upland cotton, American cotton or Mexican cotton.
G. barbadense L. was named after its assumed habitat of Barbados . It has been known by alternative scientific names as Gossypium evertum , Gossypium peruvianum , Gossypium vitifolium and Gossypium brasiliense ( USDA 2006). It is commonly known as Creole cotton, Egyptian cotton, extra long-staple or ELS cotton, Indian cotton, Sea Island cotton or [[w:Pima cotton|Pima cotton.