From the 8th to 13th century, Daman and Diu, which was a part of Goa was a stronghold of the Chowda Rajputs who were ousted by the Waghalas who in turn were expelled by Muslims in 1330. It continued under Muslim rule for another two hundred years till it was conquered by the Portuguese.
Slung along the banks of the wide Mandovi River, Panaji (also still widely known by its former Portuguese name Panjim), goa’s small and spritely state capital since 1843, boasts its own laid-back brand of originality. Purpose-built neat and tidy by its former Portuguese colonisers, the city’s inhabitants have adapted its European-flavoured legacy to suit their affluent and easygoing needs.
The city’s architecture is the surest sign that goa evolved independently of the rest of India. In the small old quarters of Fontainhas and Sao Tomé, winding alleyways are lined with Portuguese-style houses, boasting distinctive red-tiled roofs, wooden window shutters and rickety balconies decorated with bright pots of petunias.
Afonso de Albuquerque took the fort in 1510 and reinforced it initially after occupation and again in November after reoccupation... It is said that he was in such a hurry to complete the strengthen the fortifications before the next Muslim attack that even his officers were pressed into manual labour.Paul Harding
In 19th century, as Panjim developed, in 1834 it became known as Nova goa...and in 1843 it was recognized by the Portuguese government as capital of goa .
Chapel of Saint Sebastian, has crucifix first brought to Panaji in 1812 from Old goa after the Inquisition was suppressed. It is considered an unusual piece since Christ ’s eyes are open – rather than shut as is customary - and legend has it that this was done to instill fear in the hearts of those being brought before the dreaded Inquisitors.Amy Karafin
...the strange and compelling statue of man bearing down upon a supine female form depcits one of goa ’s most famous home grown talents, Abbe Faria, an eighteenth century Goan priest, father of ‘ hypnotism ’ and friend of Napolean in full melodramatic throes.
The river Mandovi and the hillock of Altinho have historically been the determining factors for the city. During the 3rd century BC, Panaji and the rest of goa were part of the Mauryan Empire.ahmed sheikh