Partisan of both “Madras” and “Chennai” used those names to assert that the city was, from its inception, a volatile borderland , a point of contact, mixing, hybridity . For its part “Chennai” suggests the frontier of pre-modern empire , whereas “Madras” is a frontier of modern imperial expansion. Both names, however, assert that the city is a “glocality” – a global entrepot in which diverse population , exchange media , languages , and ideas were brought into intimate and enduring relationships, and, more recently, a product of and staging ground for globalizing capitalism .
Patna’s biggest break as entrepot came with the consolidation of Mughal control over Bengal – particularly with the final suppression of the Pathan chiefs of Eastern Bengal in 1612... the city also served as an outlet for several commodities produced in its hinterland...By 1620 Patna was being described as the “chefest mart towne of all Bengala".R. Huges and J. Parker, quoted in “Merchants, Politics, and Society in Early Modern India: Bihar, 1733-1820”, p.15
Patna’s locational advantage, specifically its position on the great Gangetic artery connecting northern India to Bengal made it ideal as an entrepot city. Convenient land routes connected Patna both with the cities of the north and with important centers in Bengal . Jehangir had ordered the construction of a road that would link Patna to Agra .Kumkum Chatterjee, in Merchants, Politics, ad Society in Early Modern India: Bihar, 1733-1820, BRILL, 1996
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