Dinocrates, I appreciate your design as excellent in composition, and I am delighted with it, but I apprehend that anybody who should found a city in that spot would be censured for bad judgement. For as a newborn babe cannot be nourished without the nurse's milk, nor conducted to the approaches that lead to growth in life, so a city cannot thrive without fields and the fruits thereof pouring into its walls.
Vitruvius, De Architectura Bk.2, Introduction, Sec.3
I consider not what Parmenio should receive, but what Alexander should give.Alexander The GreatOn his gifts for the services of others, as quoted in Dictionary of Phrase and Fable: Giving the Derivation, Source, or Origin of Common Phrases, Allusions, and Words That Have A Tale To Tell (1905) by Ebenezer Cobham Brewer, p. 30
I do not steal victory.Alexander The GreatReply to the suggestion by Parmenion, before the Battle of Gaugamela, that he attack the Persian camp during the night, reported in Life of Alexander by Plutarch, as quoted in A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great (1900) by John Bagnell Bury.
Your ancestors came to Macedonia and the rest of Hellas [Greece] and did us great harm, though we had done them no prior injury. I have been appointed leader of the Greeks, and wanting to punish the Persians I have come to Asia, which I took from you.Alexander The GreatAlexander's letter to Persian king Darius III of Persia in response to a truce plea, as quoted in Anabasis Alexandri by Arrian; translated as Anabasis of Alexander by P. A. Brunt, for the "Loeb Edition" Book II 14, 4
Are you still to learn that the end and perfection of our victories is to avoid the vices and infirmities of those whom we subdue?Alexander The GreatAs quoted in Lives by Plutarch, as translated by Arthur Hugh Clough
For my part, I assure you, I had rather excel others in the knowledge of what is excellent, than in the extent of my power and dominion.Alexander The GreatQuoted by Plutarch in Life of Alexander from Plutarch's Lives as translated by John Dryden (1683)
What an excellent horse do they lose, for want of address and boldness to manage him! ... I could manage this horse better than others do.Alexander The GreatStatement upon seeing Bucephalas being led away as useless and beyond training, as quoted in Lives by Plutarch, as translated by Arthur Hugh Clough
Know ye not that the end and object of conquest is to avoid doing the same thing as the conquered?Alexander The GreatAs quoted in Lives by Plutarch, VII, "Demosthenes and Cicero. Alexander and Caesar" (40.2), as translated by Bernadotte Perrin.
Alexander the Great, reflecting on his friends degenerating into sloth and luxury, told them that it was a most slavish thing to luxuriate, and a most royal thing to labor.Alexander The GreatAs quoted by Barrow in a quote in "Pearls of Thought" in the "Labor" section.
Holy shadows of the dead, I’m not to blame for your cruel and bitter fate, but the accursed rivalry which brought sister nations and brother people, to fight one another. I do not feel happy for this victory of mine. On the contrary, I would be glad, brothers, if I had all of you standing here next to me, since we are united by the same language, the same blood and the same visions.Alexander The GreatAddressing the dead Hellenes (the Athenean and Thebean Greeks) of the Battle of Chaeronea, as quoted in Historiae Alexandri Magni by Quintus Curtius Rufus.
If I were not Alexander, I should wish to be Diogenes.Alexander The GreatAfter Diogenes of Sinope who was lying in the sun, responded to a query by Alexander asking if he could do anything for him with a reply requesting that he stop blocking his sunlight. As quoted in "On the Fortune of Alexander" by Plutarch, 332 a-b
So would I, if I were Parmenion.Alexander The GreatAfter Parmenion suggested to him after the Battle of Issus that he should accept Darius III of Persia's offer of an alliance, the hand of his daughter in marriage, and all Minor Asia, saying "If I were Alexander, I would accept the terms." (Variant translation: I would accept it if I were Alexander.) As quoted in Lives by Plutarch
Youths of the Pellaians and of the Macedonians and of the Hellenic Amphictiony and of the Lakedaimonians and of the Corinthians… and of all the Hellenic peoples, join your fellow-soldiers and entrust yourselves to me, so that we can move against the barbarians and liberate ourselves from the Persian bondage, for as Greeks we should not be slaves to barbarians.Alexander The GreatAs quoted in the Historia Alexandri Magni of Pseudo-Kallisthenes, 1.15.1-4
To the strongest!Alexander The GreatAfter being asked, by his generals on his deathbed, who was to succeed him. It has been speculated that his voice may have been indistinct and that he may have said "Krateros" (the name of one of his generals), but Krateros was not around, and the others may have chosen to hear "Kratistos" — the strongest. As quoted in The Mask of Jove: a history of Graeco-Roman civilization from the death of Alexander to the death of Constantine (1966) by Stringfellow Barr, p. 6
Now you fear punishment and beg for your lives, so I will let you free, if not for any other reason so that you can see the difference between a Greek king and a barbarian tyrant, so do not expect to suffer any harm from me. A king does not kill messengers.Alexander The GreatAs quoted in the Historia Alexandri Magni of Pseudo-Kallisthenes, 1.37.9-13
Sex and sleep alone make me conscious that I am mortal.Alexander The GreatAs quoted in Alexander the Great (1973) by Robin Lane Fox
Shall I pass by and leave you lying there because of the expedition you led against Greece, or shall I set you up again because of your magnanimity and your virtues in other respects?Alexander The GreatPausing and addressing to a fallen statue of Xerxes the Great
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