BC 8 Greek dramatist, who served in theAthenian army at Marathon (490
BC) and probably in the navy at Salamis (480 BC). He won13 first prizes in the dramatic
contests of Athens from 484 to 458 BC,
but only seven of his many works have survived.
Read Aeschylus biography
(translated by H Weir Smyth).
A prosperous fool is a grievous burden.
prosperous, fool, grievous, burden
For it would be better to die once and for all than to suffer pain for all one's life.
better, die, once, suffer, pain, life
Ship-destroyer, man-destroyer, city-destroyer.
Unworthy was what he did to her, worthy was what he suffered.
what, worthy, suffered
For by the will of the gods Fate hath held sway since ancient days.
gods, Fate, sway, ancient, days
His resolve is not to seem, but to be, the best.
But when the dust has drunk the blood of men,No resurrection comes for one who's dead.
when, dust, drunk, blood, resurrection, one, dead
Success is man’s god.
Success, mans, god
So in the Libyan fable it is toldThat once an eagle, stricken with a dart,Said, when he saw the fashion of the shaft,"With our own feathers, not by others' hands,Are we now smitten."
Libyan, fable, once, eagle, stricken, when, saw, fashion, our
Of all the gods, Death only craves not gifts:Nor sacrifice, nor yet drink-offering pouredAvails; no altars hath he, nor is soothedBy hymns of praise. From him alone of allThe powers of heaven Persuasion holds aloof.
gods, Death, craves, sacrifice, yet, drinkoffering, altars, soothedBy, hymns
O Death the Healer, scorn thou not, I pray,To come to me: of cureless ills thou artThe one physician. Pain lays not its touchUpon a corpse.
Death, Healer, scorn, me, cureless, one, physician, Pain, lays
"Reverence for parents" stands written among the three laws of most revered righteousness.
Reverence, parents, stands, written, three, laws, most, revered, righteousness
For somehow this is tyranny's disease, to trust no friends. Variant translation: In every tyrant's heart there springs in the end this poison, that he cannot trust a friend.
somehow, tyranny's, disease, trust, friends, Variant, translation, tyrant's, heart
Words are the physicians of a mind diseased.
Words, physicians, mind, diseased
Time waxing old can many a lesson teach.
Time, waxing, old, can, lesson, teach
She [Helen] brought to Ilium her dowry, destruction.
Helen, Ilium, dowry, destruction
Old men are always young enough to learn.
Old, men, young, enough, learn
Learning is ever in the freshness of its youth, even for the old.
Learning, freshness, youth, old
It is in the character of very few men to honor without envy a friend who has prospered.
character, few, men, honor, without, envy, friend, who, prospered
Only when man's life comes to its end in prosperity can one call that man happy.
when, man's, life, end, prosperity, can, one, call, man
Oh me, I have been struck a mortal blow right inside.
me, been, struck, mortal, blow, right, inside
Death is better, a milder fate than tyranny.
Death, better, milder, fate, tyranny
Destiny waits alike for the free man as well as for him enslaved by another's might.
Destiny, waits, alike, free, man, him, enslaved
For a deadly blow let him pay with a deadly blow; it is for him who has done a deed to suffer.
deadly, blow, him, pay, who, done, deed, suffer
What is pleasanter than the tie of host and guest?
What, pleasanter, tie, host, guest
Obedience is the mother of success, and success the parent of salvation.
success, Obedience, mother, parent, salvation
When strength is yoked with justice, where is a mightier pair than they?
strength, When, yoked, justice, mightier, pair
He hears but half who hears one party only.
prejudice, hears, half, who, one, party
From a small seed a mighty trunk may grow.
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