The city of Bhopal that stands today was established by Afghan chief Dost Mohammed Khan during Aurangzeb ’s reign. Dost Mohammed carved out his own small kingdom. Muslim control over the city was sustained until independence, through collaboration with the British .
Misfortune befell the city with the conquest of the Deccan by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1687. The headquarters of the Deccan then shifted to Aurangabad under the Mughal rule. In 1763, the Nizam shifted the headquarters to Hyderabad and again the city flourished.