Holland's and Kauffman's work, together with Dawkins' simulations of evolution and Varela's models of autopoietic systems, provide essential inspiration for the new discipline of artificial life, This approach, initiated by Chris Langton (1989, 1992), tries to develop technological systems (computer programs and autonomous robots) that exhibit lifelike properties, such as reproduction, sexuality, swarming, and co-evolution.
Historically our own culture has relied for the creation of rich and contrasting values upon many artificial distinctions, the most striking of which is sex. It will not be by the mere abolition of these distinctions that society will develop patterns in which individual gifts are given place instead of being forced into an ill-fitting mould. If we are to achieve a richer culture, rich in contrasting values, we must recognize the whole gamut of human potentialities, and so weave a less arbitrary social fabric, one in which each diverse human gift will find a fitting place.Margaret Mead
The laws of thought are natural laws with which we have no power to interfere, and which are of course not to be in any way confused with the artificial laws of a country, which are invented by men and can be altered by them. Every science is occupied in detecting and describing the natural laws which are inflexibly observed by the objects treated in the Science.william stanley jevons
Art enriches itself by eliminating artificial barriers between people such as borders between countries."A digital world of opportunities", Forum d'Avignon
I have had the rich satisfaction of knowing and working with many openly gay and lesbian Americans, and I have come to realize that "gay" is an artificial category when it comes to measuring a man or woman's on-the-job performance or commitment to shared goals. It says little about the person. Our differences and prejudices pale next to our historic challenge.alan k. simpson
So, ultimately, in order to understand nature it may be necessary to have a deeper understanding of mathematical relationships. But the real reason is that the subject is enjoyable, and although we humans cut nature up in different ways, and we have different courses in different departments, such compartmentalization is really artificial, and we should take our intellectual pleasures where we find them.richard feynman
That is the secret of all culture: it does not provide artificial limbs, wax noses or spectacles that which can provide these things is, rather, only sham education. Culture is liberation, the removal of all the weeds, rubble and vermin that want to attack the tender buds of the plant.friedrich nietzsche
Technically he was highly gifted, but also severely limited. His music is well constructed and effective, but monotonous in texture, which consists in essence mainly of artificial and gushing tunes accompanied by a variety of figures derived from arpeggios. The enormous popular success some few of Rakhmaninoff's works had in his lifetime is not likely to last, and musicians never regarded it with much favour.sergei rachmaninoff
[S]ome Islamist men...claim to find the veil sexy; Shabbir Akhtar, a British writer, sees it creating "a truly erotic culture in which one dispenses with the need for the artificial excitement that pornography provides.Daniel Pipes (August 8, 2001). Shakespeare with Shari'a. Daniel Pipes’s personal website.
Like a physical model, a conceptual model is an artificial system. It is however, made up of conceptual, and not physical components.Ibrahim A. Halloun (2007) Modeling Theory in Science Education. p. 36
The want of logic annoys. Too much logic bores. Life eludes logic, and everything that logic alone constructs remains artificial and forced.André Gide (1956) The journals, 1889-1949. Vol 2. p.20
I readily admit that the law which requires presumption or custom to be carried back for a period of nearly 700 years, is a bad and mischievous law, and one which is discreditable to us as a civilised and enlightened people, but such is the law; and while it so continues, I consider myself, in administering it, as bound to administer it as I find it; nor do I feel myself warranted in undermining or frittering it away by subtle fictions or artificial presumptions inconsistent with truth and fact.Cockburn, C.J., Bryant v. Foot (1867), 15 W. R. 425; S. C. L. R. 2 Q. B. Ca. 179.
The novel belongs to the category of natural poetry - the allegory to that of the artificial.Novalis in “Novalis: Philosophical Writings” p.71
In short, intelligence , considered in what seems to be its original feature, is the faculty of manufacturing artificial objects, especially tools to make tools, and of indefinitely urging the manufacture.Henri Bergson, Creative Evolution (1907), Chapter II
Recent researchers in artificial intelligence and computational methods use the term swarm intelligence to name collective and distributed techniques of problem solving without centralized control or provision of a global model. ... the intelligence of the swarm is based fundamentally on communication. ... the member of the multitude do not have to become the same or renounce their creativity in order to communicate and cooperate with each other. They remain different in terms of race, sex, sexuality and so forth. We need to understand, then, is the collective intelligence that can emerge from the communication and cooperation of such varied multiplicity.Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri (2004), Multitude, pp. 91-92
Any aeai [A.I., artificial intelligence] smart enough to pass a Turing test is smart enough to know to fail it.Ian McDonald (2006) River of Gods. p.42
A year spent in artificial intelligence is enough to make one believe in God.Alan Perlis (1982) Epigrams on Programming. nr.79
artificial rules upon matters of evidence are better avoided as far as possible.Wills, J., Hennessy v. Wright (1888), L. R. 21 Q. B. 518.
Under the flowing robes of nature, where all looks arbitrary and accidental, there is an artificiality of the most rigid kind. The natural, we now perceive, sinks into and merges in a Higher artificial. ...we conclude, when we attain a knowledge of the artificiality which is at the basis of nature, that nature is wholly the production of a Being resembling, but infinitely greater than ourselves.p.250 (Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844))
artificial intelligence is the science of making machines do things that would require intelligence if done by menMarvin Minsky (1968) quoted by: Blay Whitby (1996) Reflections on Artificial Intelligence. p.20
Create and save customized word lists. Sign up today and start improving your vocabulary!
Please set a username for yourself.
People will see it as Author Name with your public word lists.