The city's most famous monuments, including the Shalimar and Nishat Gardens, were built after the Mughal emperor Akbar captured the province of Kashmir in the sixteenth century.
The atmosphere of courtly refinement that was so characteristic of Lucknow included the greatest north Indian classical musician of modern times,Ustad Allauddin Khan (the father of the virtuoso AIi Akbar Khan and the guru of Ravi Shankar). The city is known as the 'Paris of the East' and the 'Babylon of India' a century before: the ornate mosque Bara Imambara with its notorious Bhulbhuliya maze, the Dilkusha garden, and the decorative palaces of the kings and Nawabs of Oudh.Andrew Robinson, in Satyajit Ray's The Chess Players: History Today Volume: 57 Issue: 7 2007, History Today
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