Irish Americans are about as Irish as Black Americans are African. Bob Geldof In the Observer, 22 Jun.
Now, our music is universal. It shares the rhythmic content of African
music, music of the Western Hemisphere and
various lands of the East, and has merged this rhythm
with European harmonies, the soul of the slaves, the
blues, and the spirituals to create jazz. Dizzy (John Birks) Gillespie Dizzy ^ To Be Or Not To Bop (with Al
The most striking of all the impressions that I have formed since I left
London a month ago is of the strength of African national
consciousness. In different places it may take different
forms, but it is happening everywhere. The
wind of change is blowing through this continent.Whether
we like it or not, the growth of national
consciousness is a political fact. Stockton Speech to the South African Parliament, 3 Feb.
During my lifetime I have dedicated my life to this struggle of the
African people. I have fought against white domination,
and I have fought against black domination. I have
cherished the ideals of a democratic and free society in
which all persons live together in harmony with equal
opportunities. It is an ideal which I hopeto live for,
and toseerealized.But My Lord, if needs be, it is an ideal
for which I am prepared to die. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela Speech in court, 20 Apr, when charged under the Suppression of
Communism Act and facing the death penalty.